Blockchain technology is a distributed ledger technology that provides a secure and transparent way to record transactions. It consists of a network of nodes that verify and record transactions in a decentralized and immutable ledger. Each block in the blockchain contains a hash of the previous block, creating a chain of blocks that cannot be altered once they are added to the blockchain.

Unlike AI, blockchain does not have the ‘intelligence’ to perform a task. The developers program an algorithm to execute the task in a blockchain.

Pros and Cons of Blockchain Technology

However, AI also works with algorithms, but the programming is different. Blockchain technology is most commonly associated with cryptocurrencies, but it has many other applications, such as supply chain management, identity verification, and voting systems.

Differences between Blockchain Technology and Artificial Intelligence (AI)

The difference lies in their programming and objectives. Some of the basic differences are:

Centralization vs. Decentralization

One of the main differences between blockchain technology and Artificial Intelligence is the degree of centralization. Blockchain technology is decentralized, meaning there is no central authority controlling the network. However, AI is typically centralized, with a central system controlling the data and algorithms.

Transparency vs Privacy

Another difference between blockchain technology and AI is the degree of transparency. Public blockchain technology is transparent, meaning that all transactions are recorded on a public ledger that can be viewed by anyone. In contrast, AI is typically private, with data and algorithms kept confidential.

Yes, for this, you need to learn 4 different types of blockchain technologies: Public, private, hybrid and consortium blockchain.

Immutability vs Adaptability

Blockchain technology is immutable, meaning that once a block is added to the blockchain, it cannot be altered. In contrast, AI is adaptable, meaning that it can learn and evolve over time just like a human, which is the main objective of AI.

Learn More,

Blockchain Vs. Distributed Ledger Technology: 4 Key Differences

5 Pros of Blockchain Technology

Blockchain technology has been there for more than a decade, but it has flourished in the last five years. Many corporates and financial institutions build their blockchain ecosystem to conduct all the processes smoothly with the power of bug-free algorithms. Though I understand that bug-free is not the right word because I feel no algorithms can be bug-free. Whether the algorithm is bug-free or not, you can undermine the power of blockchain, so the main advantages are:


Blockchain technology enables peer-to-peer transactions without the need for intermediaries, such as banks or governments. It eliminates the need for middlemen and reduces transaction costs, making it more efficient and accessible.


Blockchain technology enables transparent and secure transactions, as all transactions are recorded on a distributed ledger that is visible to all participants. It reduces the risk of fraud and corruption and enhances trust and accountability.


Blockchain technology uses cryptography and consensus algorithms to ensure the security and integrity of transactions. It is tough to break the security of a massive blockchain technology like Bitcoin and Ethereum. However, it is not the case for private and small-scale blockchains; I will discuss it later!


Do you know blockchain technology enables faster and more efficient transactions? For larger financial institutions, it saves a high amount by eliminating the need for intermediaries. Moreover, the algorithmic process saves a lot of time.

Smart Contracts

Blockchain technology enables the creation and execution of smart contracts, which are self-executing contracts with the terms of the agreement between buyer and seller. It also improves the trust between two parties, especially when they are dealing with high transactions like cars or real estate.

5 Cons of Blockchain Technology

While blockchain technology has numerous benefits, it is not without its limitations and drawbacks. Here are some of the cons of blockchain technology:


One of the major challenges facing blockchain technology is scalability. As the number of users and transactions on a blockchain network increases, the network becomes slow and expensive to use. It limits its potential for widespread adoption in applications that require high throughput. However, developers are trying to solve the issue with APIs, which need further innovation.

Regulatory Challenges

Though it has been for over a decade, blockchain technology is still in its early stages. Yes, it’s true! There is a lack of regulatory clarity around its use. As a result, it creates uncertainty and legal challenges for businesses and individuals using blockchain technology.

Security Concerns

While blockchain technology offers better security features, it is not immune to security threats. Blockchain networks can be vulnerable to attacks such as 51% of attacks, where a single entity controls the majority of the network’s computing power and can manipulate transactions.


While immutability is one of the well-known features of blockchain, it can also be a drawback. Once a transaction is recorded on the blockchain, it cannot be easily modified or deleted. It also creates challenges if errors or fraudulent activities are discovered. However, blockchain developers have the solution too!


It is still a complex technology because you may not find free resources available online, so if you face any issue during the development, you may need to consult with the blockchain community to get an answer. Moreover, implementing blockchain technology requires specialized knowledge and expertise, especially in the financial sector, because you cannot modify the smart contracts once it is deployed, which can be a barrier to entry for businesses and organizations.

Yes, I know there are certain ways to do this; you can check this post on Ethereum Stack Exchange for more information. Read my other interesting posts too learn more:

7 Key Characteristics of Distributed Ledger System

10 Pros and Cons of Artificial Intelligence (AI)

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